According to statistics, the fertility of a woman is best until 27 years and then gradually declines. With this decline comes the difficulty of conceiving a child. Women who try to get pregnant by 40 years and older experience advantages as well as disadvantages of childbirth that are quite different from those who get pregnant at an earlier age.
Some advantages that older women experience in pregnancy are education, experience, and financial stability. Mothers with good education tend to be good in parenting, and these valuable learning are seen in older women. These valuable learning may also come from the fact that women, and people in general, gain more experience as they age. In turn, these experiences make them financially stable because of established careers. These three advantages are synchronized to bring about the best in the holistic nurturing of baby with a secured future. More than that, these are also beneficial to older mothers because of lower stress levels in the whole duration of pregnancy
On the other hand, there are considerable points on the downside of pregnancy in older women. First is the difficulty of child conception. Women have limited gametes, thus ovaries release eggs that decrease in number as women age, causing infertility despite fertility treatments. So it takes long to get pregnant . In addition, there might also be complications that put older mothers at risk such as diabetes and hypertension, as well as placental complications. The baby might also be at risk since older mothers have high probability of giving birth to premature babies, and in consequence, these babies might suffer from long-term health effects later in life. Also, an older woman with older partner means that the quality of the sperm might also have an effect on the health of the baby. Lastly, getting pregnant for older couples can be financially draining especially when older women need to stay home to prevent pregnancy problems, without maternity plans available that works well with the company they are working with.
These realities add to the fact that there are really odd chances of pregnancy at a later age, but it is never impossible. There are available treatments that assist to the needs of fertility problems in older couples such as assisted reproductive technology, since it can really be difficult to have natural pregnancy for women in their 30s and older. Also, by 40s, risk of stillbirth and miscarriages increases at a significant percentage. Higher probability of genetic abnormalities in babies and difficulty in child delivery such as higher rate of cesarean section in older mothers are also observable in pregnancy of aging women.
Getting pregnant past 40 years can be really difficult and near to impossible but chances can be increased by consulting with fertility specialist. It is always best to consult a specialist to know the reproductive needs of mothers as well as their partners.